Purim, observed on the 14th day of Adar (the 15th in Jerusalem and some other ancient cities) on the Jewish calendar, commemorates the miraculous salvation of the Jewish people in ancient Persia from the evil plot of the villainous Haman, as recorded in the Book of Esther. Purim celebrates a dramatic turn-around of circumstance, where Haman attempted to annihilate the Jewish people, who were ultimately saved through G0d's divine arranging of events through Mordechai and Esther, the heroes of the Purim story. The day is celebrated with a festive meal. Great attention is paid to pampering the body with food and wine, as it was the Jewish bodies that Haman sought to destroy, and wine plays a prominent role in numerous points in the Purim story's plot. There are a number of foods traditionally prepared to be enjoyed on Purim, the most famous being hamantaschen, which are typically prepared as filled cookie or yeast-dough pastries.