Chanukah, lasting eight days from the 25th day of Kislev on the Hebrew calendar, is a holiday commemorating the miraculous military victory by the Maccabean resistance over the Syrian- Greek/Seleucid forces and the rededication of the Temple after its desecration by the Syrian-Greek invaders in the 2nd century BCE. The miracle that is most closely associated with Chanukah is that of the small amount of pure olive oil used to rededicate the Temple, which burned for eight days despite there only being enough to last for one. To recall these miracles, there is a successive kindling of eight lights on a nine-branched menorah or chanukiah during the nights of the holiday and a tradition to eat foods fried in oil. It is also customary to eat dairy-based dishes during this time to honor the bravery of Yehudit (Judith), a heroine of the Chanukah story, who courageously went alone into the tent of the Seleucid general, fed him cheese to make him thirsty and quenched his thirst with wine. Upon getting him drunk and helping him fall into a deep sleep, Yehudit killed the general and became G0d's agent in facilitating the eventual Jewish victory over the occupying Seleucid forces. Now you know why latkes are traditionally paired with sour cream.